Knee pain is unfortunately a common problem for many individuals. It is usually associated with the bony structures which make up the knee joint, such as the femur, tibia, fibula, and patella, or it can be caused by an injury or as a result of interior deterioration of the ligaments and cartilage. Three categories are usually used to describe knee pain which include: acute injury, medical conditions, and chronic use/overuse conditions. Acute injuries can include:
Medical conditions include:
Chronic Use/Overuse conditions include:
Any pain which is not getting better with rest or recede within a few days should be evaluated by the doctor. In addition, if the symptoms and signs given below are occurring the doctor will need to examine the patient’s knee:
When the pain is minimal or just starting, care will typically begin with medications and physical therapy. When these methods are not found to provide satisfactory results, injections into the joint can alleviate pain and work as a diagnostic tool. Here, the medication, most often anti-inflammatories and corticosteroids, is inserted directly into the joint space. When a fracture, rip of the tendons or ligaments, or deterioration of cartilage are the underlying cause of the knee discomfort or if the pain is especially severe, surgery is typically performed. This can include a partial or total knee joint replacement.